History of Bedford, Pennsylvania


Bedford, a retired pocket, gave the visitor an experience of life history, which enabled him to walk through the paths that his ancestors had built, studying many important houses and fortifications, and even stayed in the very resort where it went up.

Covered with a halt of hill hills, pastures, and forests, the former border calls for a soul to use the natural property of its creation, as shown by fortifications raised from Harris Ferry on the Susquehanna River east to Logstown on the Ohio River west of the Philippines and India in 1754 to 1763. By marking the widening of the west of Britain as a series of GPS waypoints, they brought names such as Lyttleton, Loudon, Frederick, Raystown / Bedford, Cumberland, Ligonier, Need, and Pitt / Duquesne. Both have two names, however, are the most important development tools in the area.

Where transportation paths meet, settlements often go up, as well as Bedford in the form of a fort built in Britain during the 1758 campaign against the French excavation of Forbes Road, which was once a collection collection on Indian trails. They eventually develop into the first trans-Pennsylvania toll rode artery, conducting horse and carriage transportation.

Colonel Henry Boquet, governor of General John Forbes, built an unformed fort, comprising 7,000 square meters, had five bastions. A four-to-five-foot stretch of three-foot wide, a V-channel around its perimeter fitted with 18 feet long, stretched layers, cut off from the neighborhood of oak trees and laid flat and stretched out, while an impulse movement from the north end of the north to the waterfront. Swivel guns guarded the corners.
Entrance was given to three gates-a prime one on its south side similar to the current Pitt Street; a second, slightly smaller, facing the west; and a north gate.

Bluffed by a bluff facing the river passage, the first designated Fort Raystown served as a postal post for 6,790 soldiers who advanced westward into attacks during their crossing the victorious Allegheny Mountains, but filled with the necessary supplies before they continue to Fort Pitt / Duquesne, French fort.

The British strategy proved successful: their opposition defeated, effectively eliminating the control of English speaking in Ohio Valley and, finally, America.

Contemporary "Fort Bedford" at the end of 1758 after the Fourth Duke of Bedford, Inglaterra, the bastion served the second purpose of providing the safety of Indian attacks, to strengthen people's survival to search for agricultural and seaport hills. Thus, the seed from which the famous village grows extensively, becomes the first seat in the western province of the Tuscarora Mountains and, for a time, all of Western Pennsylvania, located in the intra- state roadway.

Located in 1766, it is included 29 years later, on March 13.

County prosperity, similar to the city, has boosted the discovery of the coal at Broad Top Mountain, raising the metals needed to bring it to iron foundries in the area and started a 100-percent increase in population between 1870 and 1890 alone. Networks were followed, speeding up the iron, timber, and passenger passengers, eventually added, and finally replaced, the Lincoln Highway (Route 30), connecting Bedford to Pittsburgh, and the Pennsylvania Turnpike.

A short, in-town walking tour on Bedford itself makes the visitor return its history to many important buildings.

For example, the National Museum of the American Coverlet is located at Common School, built in 1859 at $ 7,000 and opened by 211-student enrollment the following year. Operating as a school until it was sold to private interests in 1999, it included an important part of its original structure, including the middle section, ventilation system, and surrounding coral reef.

House Court Court in County Bedford, built by Solomon Filler between 1828 and 1829 of a $ 7,500 amount, both showing originality, especially at the tower's clock, which must be devastating after the power rising until it was electrified in 1975, and two internal, self-supporting, circular stairs leading into the second floor, the portrait-lined courtroom. The frame of the columns that characterized his façade, later donated by Filler himself, represented God in the absence of right justice.

The Human Monument, located at the intersection of the streets of Juliana and Penn, was built in 1890 to honor the soldiers who sacrificed their lives during the Civil War, which included over 20,000 children in the school took it for it. It was moved to the place now in 1957.

Behind this is the location of the city's first courthouse and prisons, built in the blue shrubs between 1774 and 1775.

One of the most important structures-in fact, in fact, it was chosen as a National Historic Landmark in 1984-was the Espy House. Colonel and Mrs. David Espy, it served as George Washington's hedkwarters during the 1794 Whiskey Rebellion, where Western Pennsylvania farmers opposed the excise tax imposed by Secretary of Treasury Hamilton's alcohol. With the collapse of 13,000 strong Federal Army in Washington, claiming surrounding expanses for its own overnight accommodation, it marks the first and only time that a US president has ordered a army in the plains.

The rigors of the October hubs, the rebels, showed the loss.

The National House, which opened its doors to tired towers as a hotel for almost a lifetime, is located on Forbes Road, now known as "Pitt Street."

Built, like House Court, by Solomon Filler, Anderson House stands on a land acquired from the state named William Penn and used as a medical office in front of it and the Allegheny Bank of Pennsylvania behind it. It served as the only public deposit between Pittsburgh and Chandersburg.

Fort Bedford Museum:

The importance of the original fortress was not long and the place was only a major event in history: trying to release the prisoners there, James Smith and his Black Boys got it on September 17, 1769, but After the Battle of France and India, its garrison was made at a mere 12, and in 1775, when the border moved to Pittsburgh, it was soon moved into a state that was not possible.

To celebrate the bicentennial of Bedford, a stylistic style, composed of timber and chinking, rose from the original fortress 200 years after it was built, in 1958, a bluff which looks at the Raystown Branch in Juniata Suba. A section on the north wall was added in 2006, close to the current Fort Bedford Museum.

Divided into a main gallery, a transportation area, a backyard gallery, a mezzanine, and a gift shop, the blockhouse building inside the Atmospheric New Frontier atmosphere in Western Pennsylvania, showed some of 2,000 artifacts of his collection, including Native American, civilian and military equipment, home appliances, bananas flintlocks, antique hand tools, women's clothing in the 19th century, a Civil War cannon, a Conestoga wagon, a stoneware crock, documents signed by the Penn family, and a Bedford Springs Resort ledger showing President Buchanan's signature.

Its center is a large model of the original fortress that appears on Forbes Road, the Juniata River, and its surrounding area. However, perhaps the most unique piece of collection is an original, 1758 flag. A gift to British forces at Fort Raystown from the Fourth Duke of Bedford in England, the red silk satin damask flag, which sported the 23- by 24-inch union jack canton , on the other hand, changed the name of Bedford to the end of 1758 in his honor. Although there is no evidence that this officer has one of these, hangs at Officer's Quarters and is shown only on special occasions.
However, patriots took it from a British official when freedom from the rule of England, declared as the Declaration of Liberty, traveled through the language to Bedford.

The museum's example is the only known British Red Fly that survives the Battle of the French and Indians.

Bedford Village:

The Fort Bedford Museum only provided a taste for the city yesterday. But more than 40 original and published logs, frames, and structural stones comprising Old Bedford Village make it possible for guests to enter the shoes of old people and walk their way, translating into the first pocket of life in Pennsylvania saved here.

A discharge by Claycomb Covered Bridge and a short Welcome Center will return to him in the early days of Pennsylvania as a colony, where horse-drawn horses are broken in gravel paths, blue paths to dog from the chimney log cabins, people dressed in long-sleeved clothing, and the movable metal sounds from the blacksmith.

The barrio offers many examples of weather conditions. The Biddle House, for example, is a two-story log structure originally built a few miles to the Dutch Corner, and one of the first inside the complex. The V-shaped double fireplace forms heat and a cooking method.

A hybrid house, the next house of Kegg-Blasko House includes the remains of a structure built by Thomas Kinton in 1768 and James Heydon in 1790, located in Bedford County.

A 1802 action indicates the Semanek House in the "timber mansion," which was originally located in the Ryot village of West St. Clair Township. It has now been used as a chestnut chestnut for its construction.

The Williams Cabin is usually the shacks that the first generals lived until the time and establishment that made them build more things, while the different Anderson Victorian House, gathered from Anandale Hotel wood , affirming their so-called Victorian era.

Two schools are represented: the Kniseley School, in standard configuration, was built near Pleasantville in 1869 and used until 1930, while the exact name of 8 Square School, an octagonal building built in 1851 by Nat Hoover on the East St. Clair Township, is believed to be a constant concern for children in rich families.

There are many stores and services where precious people are still in the original way. Ice Cream Parlor includes the construction of the 17th century cottage style and Feather's Bakery, believed to have been founded by William Nichols in 1808, still producing baked goods in its stores such as "Old Bedford Village Bakery, "according to the evidence of the aroma that was released from its open door. The lunch time can also be enjoyed in the dark, wooden booth within the Pendergrass Tavern, whose original contrast lies just outside the fortress of Fort Bedford in 1750.

Other life requirements from the time taken from Chandler (candle), Furry's Basket Shop, Cooper Shop (General Store and Post Office), Old Bedford Village Press, Bedford County Rifles, Carriage Shop, Fisher & # 39; s Pottery, Whitesmith (tin), and the Broom Shop.
Human power spurred all the village machines, as shown by the jigsaw footed pedal laith and the bike-resembling jigsaw of Hemings Furniture and Wood Shop, and of Antonson Blacksmithing, where the tools needed for many others Skills are made, including the shoes needed to run the day-the horse.

The village also carries out the unjust and bad man's nature in the prison, representing the type used before 1800 in a provincial chair, and ensures that his Heavenly Soul does not become the Church's starter Christ, a copy of the 1806 Union Church made of logs and still stands west of Schellsburg.

Educational programs, which utilize rich resources of the village and include the production, teaching, description, and display of the production, teaching, demonstration, and demonstration of Pennsylvania life through quilting, candle cleansing, coopering , blacksmithing, basket making, fraying, wheat pursuit, tin smithing, broom making, making of the Maize Pappouse monkey, and a ride on a series of classes, lectures, and tours. The buffers created in the village are located in the gift shop at the Welcome Center.

The seasons and celebrations marked special events, such as exhibits in colonial objects; festivals with historical customs, costumes, and craft; gunfights with muzzle loading; Civil and French and Indian reenactments; Last weekend ends; killing the mysteries of the night; pumpkinfests; and Old Fashioned Christmases, to see the village rolling candles.

Bedford Springs Resort:

Bedford's numerous home and fortresses make the visitor see its history, but Bedford Springs Resort has made him live.

Although the discovery of original coal at Bedford Fort and Broad Top Mountain attracts people in the area, there is another important draw: mineral spring.

Since 1796, Dr. John Anderson has long been known to the American Americans-drinking and bathing water from the seven chalybeats, lobster, sulfur, and sugar cane in the area have resulted in restoration and curative results . Involving unmanaged medicines in his own medical practice, he chose to purchase 2,200 acres around them and built his own home on it. But his privacy in the area was not good anymore.

Walking in Cumberland, Maryland, and then making the final 21-kilometer journey to Bedford on horseback and wagon, visitors are increasingly on the spot to find curative power tubes, and Dr. Anderson initially entered into these tenteless tents, preparing designated residues based on health requirements. Bathing facilities were made in 1802.

But unpredictable thirsts are urgently requested to replace temporary tents with more permanent and show-place settings – the shape of the Bato Inn four years later, whose building blocks, such as the water, free-of-the-ground mountain ranges and cows-shaded by its sides. Permanently located, it is only temporary to fulfill its purpose, because the number of visitors requesting the demand for it easily breaks its capacity.

According to a travel itinerary written by Joshua Galpin in 1809, when Stone House was incorporated into Crackford and a prelude to the Evitt House, the facilities included a "big house of the house and some small for families-warm and cold pools and a billiard room. "

The Swiss edifice and others have quickly risen from a previously unspecified value.

Due to the increasingly familiarity of comfortable living quarters, food, and activities that emphasize its natural surroundings, it has often attracted visitors from the industrialization of the eastern cities of east, as even in the growing list of rich, distinguished dignitaries. For example, native United States and Pennsylvania president James Buchanan first visited Bedford Springs in 1821 and later spent 40 summer there, dubbing his "Summer White House." In 1848, James K. Polk became one of the ten presidents living there, followed by Taylor, Taft, Polk, Harding, and Eisenhower, with nine judges of the Supreme Court and many actors. Buchanan itself received the first transatlantic cable, sent to Queen Victoria in England, at the resort ten years ago.

The trip to Bedford fell down in 1872 when rail access connected to a large area with powerhouses such as Philadelphia, Washington, and New York for the first time.

Developing one of America's major resorts during the late 19th century, it accurately reflects the golden age with the homes of spring, bridge, gates, and roads, and the transatlantic cables serve first of many innovations For example, it is introduced in one of the first golf courses made by Spencer Oldham, in 1895, and is followed by a decade later than the mineral content, filled with solarium and hydrotherapy areas.

Although medical advances increase the balances away from the original purpose of Bedford Spring, his reputation as a luxurious resort that serves a well-known client is strongly rooted in the place of its creation-in fact, a central colony is now connected to the main dining room with a pavilion column at Magnesia Springs across the Schober's Run.

Its role, which continued to be a delicate touch, moved between 1941 and 1943 when the US Navy, occupying the resort, trained about 7,000 mariners in radio operations, and it served as a detention center for nearly 200 Japanese diplomats captured in Germany during World War II until it was forgiven for American prisoners held in Asia.

Modern influences have been redacted in the 1950s with the installation of environmental control systems and sprinklers.

It is unlikely that popularity struggles with purpose. The migration options moved and, though being designated as a National Historic Landmark in 1984, it continued to decline until it was two years later. The following flood damaged 200 years of ancient wooden walls.

But Bedford Springs Partners, still perceiving its power of luxury, bought a grand dame of assets for $ 8 million, underlined it a $ 120 million recovery to be raised and returned to his 1905 gold cloth and opening the doors on July 12, 2007 after an eighth mineral spring discovered. After a second takeover two years later, it is named "Omni Bedford Springs Resort and Spa." "

Self-publishing this mission is "opening the door of history."

Located on the Allegheny Mountain region in south-central Pennsylvania, and overlooking the Cumberland Valley, the Bedford Springs Resort is accessed by throwing a small, back-to-back hill into a protected sanctuary in time, and then passing through white, porch-gilinya the façade of a large mansion. Negotiating the lawn mounds and formal gardens among the tunnels of streams and springs, the visitor enters the surrounding road, approaching the dual-story, brick, ante-bellum Colonnade. Aside from a National Historic Landmark, the resort is the two Triple-A with four diamond properties and is home to one of the Historic Hotels of America.

Serving as the center of connecting to mixed adjacent building styles, the Colonnade itself provides guest reception decorated with an original, 39-star American flag; the lobby; the place of day, afternoon tea service; and the staircase goes to the ballroom. One of his wings goes to the Stone Inn with the Frontier Tavern and 1796 Room restaurants, while the other leading the Crystal Room Restaurant, through the library, over the snack stand at Che Sara Sara, the indoor pool, and the spa corridor.

The 216 rooms and four resort lights, located in the Historic or new Spa Wing, are preserved in history and tradition, but provide modern luxury, with true patterns and fabrics, marble floor and vanity their bathroom, Egyptian linens, and real, They are reminded walking staffs.

There are many restaurants.

For example, Crystal Room used to be the Music Room and is also used as Ladies & # 39; Parlor. Replaced in 1905 during the grand resort campaign, it replaced a sufficient number of facilities above, which once became the Colonnade Ballroom. Bringing a screen of classic Doric pillars on either side, it carries the original chandeliers; gilt-framed mirrors; Victorian, backseat; four colors in blue; a rotisserie; an exhibit kitchen; a wine cellar of 1,500 bottles; and a collection of guest pictures taken between 1892 and 1898. It was opened to the private Daniel Webster Room.

The Frontier Tavern, located in the Stone Inn section of the hotel, is a stagecoach stop where the first visitors to Bedford Spring were transported to the original three-kilometer-long house for supper. Adornment of weather artifacts, such as bead rugs, tools, a wood stove, and various spices, it also has a bar and a billiard table.

The 1796 Room, also located in the Bato Inn section, shows the year Dr. John Anderson first bought Bedford Springs property and displayed the 18th-century atmosphere with steak-and-chops, the American colonial menu, which included options such as bison, beef, rabbit, pork wild bean, quail, game pie, and trout farm.

The mineral tubing watered by the fountain, back in 1905's appearance, promotes the orchestra's gravestone where visitors are celebrated over a century ago.

The 30,000-square-foot Springs Eternal Spa includes wet and dry treatment rooms, aromatherapy, massages, facials, a garden, and a boutique, with the actual mineral water pond used for all treatments .

The conference center is one-half the size of it, at 20,000 square feet.

The 18-hole, "Old Course" -an golf course design, shown in 1923, Donald Ross is a rendition, is the third creation after Spencer Oldham in 1895 and the intermittent, nine holes, AW Tillinghast version of 1912.

Aside from golf, Bedford Springs Resort provides many activities, including indoor and outdoor swimming, hiking and biking for 25 miles of trails, fishing in a trout stream with gold, kayaks, river rafting, and skiing throughout the country, and host many activities, from reunions to weddings and chariot weddings.